Sports injuries occur when playing indoor or outdoor sports or while exercising. Sports injuries can result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises. The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, fractures, and dislocations.
The most common treatment recommended for injury is rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE).
Few measures that are followed to prevent sports-related injuries include:
Some of the common sports injuries include:
Foot and ankle injuries include injuries to the leg below the knee. They are common while playing sports such as football, hockey, skating and athletics. Treatment for some of these conditions may be orthotics, braces, physical therapy, injections or surgery. Common sports injuries include sprains and strains, ankle fractures, and Achilles tendinitis.
Severe pain in the shoulders while playing your favorite sports such as tennis, basketball and gymnastics may be because of a torn ligament in the shoulder or shoulder dislocation. These may be caused by overuse of the shoulder while playing sports. Simple pain or acute injuries may be treated with conservative treatment, while chronic injuries may require surgical treatment.
Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear and hip dislocation are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip. The hip joint bears more weight and is more susceptible to injuries while playing sports. Hip injuries require immediate medical intervention to avoid further complications. Rehabilitation programs and physical therapy is often recommended following the medical intervention, where you need to perform certain exercises to strengthen the muscles and improve movements.
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is major stabilizing ligament in the knee which may tear with the overuse of the knee while playing sports. The ACL has poor ability to heal and may cause instability. Other common sports injuries of the knee are cartilage damage and meniscal tear. Knee injuries of sports may require surgical intervention that can be performed using an open surgical or minimally invasive technique. Your surgeon will recommend you for physical therapy to strengthen your muscles, improve elasticity and the movements of the bones and joints.
Sports Medicine Topics
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.